In many parts of Canada the winter months (December to March) are characterized by low temperatures, often below zero, with snow, ice and sometimes wind, which increases the perception of cold. West coast cities such as Vancouver and Victoria enjoy milder temperatures, slightly above 0°, accompanied by rain. Southern Alberta and Calgary, in particular, are often affected by the ‘Chinook’, a warm, dry wind that comes from the Rocky Mountains and blows through the city offering some respite from the low winter temperatures.
Spring is quite pleasant all over the country. It starts in the second half of March and mixes snow, rising temperatures and rain. Flowers and meadows come back to life and outdoor facilities begin to appear everywhere. On the other hand – as the Canadians say – ‘April showers bring May flowers’.
Canadian summer begins in late May and ends in mid-September. The characteristics of the summer season vary from coast to coast. While some cities such as Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal experience hot and humid temperatures, sometimes over 35°C, the prairies are warm and dry, with average temperatures reaching 20°C on the coasts.
Autumn is often cool, with days getting shorter, light and temperatures dropping. However, Canadian autumn is extremely pleasant. The leaves change colour painting the landscape orange, red, yellow and brown and making it unique.